Our Christian Values are Hope, Respect, Friendship, Love, Courage, Forgiveness

History and Geography

Did you know that the word 'geography' is derived from Greek and literally means 'to write about the earth'?

Children at Lostock Gralam love learning about our earth and we aim to inspire children to ask about where things are in the world and how they got there and also question the way people interact with the environment.

Our children delight in looking at maps and atlases and we encourage them to have a secure knowledge of the main capital cities, countries and continents in the world. As part of their topic work, each year group has a country to study which always begins with map work and then develops into studying the human and physical features of that area.

In human geography, we teach children to look at the impact and behaviour of people and how they relate to the natural world. This raises many topical issues and debates and we use current affairs and natural disasters to deepen these discussions.

In physical geography, we teach the children to learn about the natural features of the Earth's surface including land formation, climate and vegetation.

We encourage enquiry based fieldwork as part of every topic which means the children use our school and the local environment to observe, measure and record features such as the weather, the traffic and land use. On every school trip, (especially during our residential trips in Year Two to Fox Howl, Year Four to Llandudno and Year Six to Conwy) the children are able to use their geographical skills to plan routes or make comparisons to our local area.

Through our topic based teaching, children make constant cross-curricular links and as they grow, their geography knowledge grows from local, to national to international.

We ensure full coverage of the Geography National Curriculum by following the topics and objectives in the current Programmes of Study.

To find out more about the Geography objectives being covered and the topics covered in each year group, please download the attached files.

In our recent Pupil Voice meeting, children were quoted as saying:

Year 1 ‘I like it in Geography when we use maps’

Year 2 ‘I like looking at maps in Geography’

Year 3 ‘Geography is about what people eat and where they live’.

Year 4 ‘I like map work and finding the places on the map’

Year 5 ‘I like learning about maps and using Ipads for research’

Year 6 ‘I like it when we all get together and use atlases and compasses’



The English word history derives from Latin historia, which is the Latinization of the ancient Greek ἱστορία (historia), meaning “inquiry, systematic observation, information”

At Lostock Gralam we want our children to experience being real historians through a range of different experiences. Within each History topic, children experience learning through a  variety of key skills including: Chronology, Concepts, Interpretation, Enquiry and Communication.’


We value the opportunities for practical and hands on learning and carefully plan our trips out and visitors in to school to further enhance the curriculum.

In lessons our children get the chance to explore time and chronology through a range of timeline activities. They develop an understanding of how we find out about the past and about the different jobs and roles historians have.

Each topic involves the children asking their own questions and as they progress through school, they become proficient in researching and presenting knowledge in variety of ways. Throughout our curriculum, our children learn about a wide range of significant people from the past. As our children progress through school they are able to make links between people and events around the world. They understand how the concepts of cause and consequence, continuity and change, similarity, significance and change have impacted us and our thoughts and beliefs; our world and environment.

Our children love the opportunities to immerse themselves in their topics through different writing activities and these are often supported by ‘being in role’ through drama and inquiry. We have carefully planned writing lessons which make solid links with different genres and the topic area and give the children chance to embed their writing skills by communicating their knowledge through ‘real life’ writing.

We value the use of historical artefacts (which we have in school, experience on trips out and make use of our close links with the Cheshire Schools’ Library Service). Our children enjoy exploring different artefacts and using them to develop their interpretation skills.


Our topics are carefully planned to make secure links with other subjects where possible. E.g. Art-  replicating and taking inspiration from art in the past. Finding out about famous artists.  Science – by finding out about key Scientists.  Geography- making comparisons with old maps and comparing land use and change.

In a recent pupil voice discussion, our children said they liked:

Y1- When we found out about the moon and landing on it in space.

Y2- We know about the Titanic and we said they should have made it a better ship.

Y3- Looking at old fashioned maps of Chester Zoo was really fun. When we did our cave paintings.

Y4- Learning about the past and how it is different to everything else. I like doing research about when Celts lived here. I liked the art with our Greek pots.

Y5- Using the I-PADS to do research. I like the library books that we get to borrow. I loved writing about the Queen of the falls.

Y6- Finding out about all of the different crimes and punishments in the past and how it was very different to now. Making Dunking stools.


Files to Download

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